Aristotle believed in sovereign rule however, he believed in a “king’s rule according to the law over voluntary subjects”  he did not agree with plato’ timocracy state, but he did agree that democracy and tyranny were not suitable for a state’s growth. Faculty working papers 2010 obligation to obey the law: a study of the death of socrates the dialogues suggest three possible bases for an ethical obligation to obey the law first, a citizen may have assented to the law that is, we may find that an express or implied agreement philosophy, was perceived as a threat to the state. Conversely, natural duty theories may be able to explain why anyone, citizen or not, has a duty to obey the law (ie, the laws of one or another legal system) but struggle to explain why anyone has a duty to obey the laws of the particular state of which she is a member (see the discussion of particularity at the end of §23 see also §45. James madison, federalist paper no 51 (1788) our agreement as citizens to obey the law to maintain the government and guarantee particular rights to its people today, the rule of law is often linked to efforts to promote protection of human rights worldwide 5. Here, the citizen is the legal person free to act according to the law and having the right to claim the law’s protection it need not mean that the citizen takes part in the law’s formulation, nor does it require that rights be uniform between citizens.
The main follower of this conflict is robert p wolff who supports that state’s right to rule and the citizen’s duty to obey the law are correlative views in other words the citizen’s free will and the political obligation are two notions which cannot co-exist. Philosophy portal rather than simply break the laws and escape, socrates should try to persuade the laws to let him go these laws present the citizen's duty to them in the form of a kind of social contract by choosing to live in athens, a citizen is implicitly endorsing the laws, and is willing to abide by them socrates says the. It is possible to have a constitutional government with one ruler, a group of rulers, or rule by the people as a whole, so long as those in power obey the limitations placed on them by the higher law of the constitution.
Rather than simply break the laws and escape, socrates should try to persuade the laws to let him go these laws present the citizen's duty to them in the form of a kind of social contract by choosing to live in athens, a citizen is implicitly endorsing the laws, and is willing to abide by them. In this paper, i argue for a conception of political equality that requires, among other things, a specific horizontal division of power between citizens (eg, equal opportunity of political. In a constitutional democracy the authority of the majority is limited by legal and institutional means so that the rights of individuals and minorities are respected this is the form of democracy practiced in germany, israel, japan, the united states, and other countries. A rule, rather than a one-off order it exists where the general demand for conformity have an obligation to obey the law walzer says that there is no 'conventional wisdom' on the subject his argument starts however from the conventional wisdom in locke's liberal theory, any oppressed citizen has the right to disobey in reality, civil.
In his letter, mlk asserts that while one has a legal and moral duty to obey just laws, “one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws,” for, referencing st augustine, “an unjust law is no law at all” mlk refers to aquinas for the principle that allows one to distinguish between an unjust law and a just one. How can one group of human beings come to enjoy a right to enforce its authoritative commands on other human beings in other words, how does government come to enjoy a right to rule, and how do citizens come to incur a duty to obey. A citizen has an obligation to obey the law, rules can exist even if nobody ever obeys them as long as a rule is enacted in the right rule-defining and -creating way, it exists hart insisted, however, that the rule of recognition itself need not be backed in any sense by any standard of authority, legal or moral duty encyclopedia.
The rule of law is important for every facet if life and social well being harm to others is just one area of law what about laws to control sale of dangerous drugs and materials gun laws, and other products which could cause human harm even if the production is not illegal. “an individual who breaks a law that conscience tells him is unjust, and who willingly accepts the penalty of imprisonment in order to arouse the conscience of the community over its injustice, is in reality expressing the highest respect for the law. Abstract it is sometimes argued that democratic governments have the special capacity to ground an obligation to obey the law such theories assert that democracies, and only democracies, possess the “right to rule” over those subject to its institutions.
A good government, however, is one whose laws do not conflict in any way with god’s laws so that it does not expect citizens to violate their religious beliefs in order to obey its laws citizens do not enforce god’s law directly on anyone but perhaps themselves, individually, and perhaps also within their own families, if they are believers. Why people obey the law _____ t 0 m r t y l e r y a l e u n i v e r s i t y p r e s s this book explores the everyday behavior of citizens toward the law and examines why people obey or disobey it feels that the authority enforcing the law has the right to dictate behavior. Page 1 of 7 what is social contract theory the concept of social contract theory is that in the beginning man lived in the state of nature citizens have the right and sometimes the duty to withdraw their support and even to rebel 2 hobbes view was that whatever the state does is just this is against the rule of law because absolute. Can laws exist without morality philosophy essay can laws exist without morality idea essay whenever a government passes laws, citizens are expected to adhere to those laws they are really held responsible for their own deeds or misdeeds is the fact is enables people to obey laws and regulations transferred thus, such a justification.